Calluses are areas of thickened skin on the hands, feet, or other places that are under a lot of pressure. This is a very common medical condition.
It will cause discomfort or potential disease risk inside. In this article, we will cover the causes and how to help deal with other problems of calluses effectively. It’s simpler than how to stop calluses.
Cause of Calluses
The cause of calluses on the feet can be due to wearing shoes of the wrong size. When the shoes are too tight, the skin of the feet will rub often and create calluses. However, even with a well-fitting shoe, calluses can appear when we stand or walk too much.
Other possible causes of calluses include:
- Wearing shoes without socks/barefoot: Your feet have no cushioning when they rub against the inner layer of the shoe.
- If you have a habit of resisting your hands, you will get calluses on your elbows
- Carrying heavy loads often will cause calluses: Heavy objects after many times of rubbing the same position also create calluses.
- Regular use of sports equipment in athletes also often suffers from calluses
- Playing a guitar or musical instrument can also cause calluses
In short, any work or action that causes a lot of friction on the skin of the body will create calluses.
Symptoms of Calluses
Calluses are areas of yellow or gray skin that thicken and become rough. Often calluses will appear in areas of high pressure such as hands or feet.
The formation of calluses can be considered as a protective response to the body against blistering or injury when subjected to pressure.
Common symptoms are seen when calluses appear to include:
- There are areas of calloused skin where the skin is subjected to repeated friction or pressure.
- Small, round, raised bump of hard skin surrounded by irritated skin. At first, they can be as small as a pea, then the corn kernel will gradually grow larger.
- Thick, hard patches of skin that are larger than normal skin patches (most likely scar tissue).
- Less sensitive to the touch of the surrounding skin. It’s when you get hit and don’t feel much pain.
- The raised area of the bump may be painful or uncomfortable.
- Pain, redness, blisters.
***See More: Why is My Big Toe Turning Inward? How to Cure Them?
How to Prevent Calluses on Your Feet
We can completely prevent calluses from forming in many different ways.
- Choose the right shoes: Wear well-fitting shoes that help your feet not suffer too much friction.
When choosing shoes to buy, you should go in the evening because at this time your feet are a bit bigger than at other times of the day. In addition, you can measure your feet yourself and choose shoes that are neither too loose nor too tight for you.
- Wear socks: Socks act as a cushion between the foot and the shoe. When wearing shoes, you should wear socks to minimize friction on the skin of your feet. Pay attention to choose soft, cotton, and not too rough fabrics to protect the skin of your feet.
- Do not go barefoot: When your feet have no protection, the risk of more serious injury is very high. Please wear shoes to avoid the skin of your feet from rubbing against the hard ground or rock, leading to injury.
- Trim toenails regularly: Toenails that are too long will push the toes closer to the shoe. This leads to calluses forming over time. Therefore, it is necessary to cut toenails properly and regularly.
- Better hand protection: Use gloves when carrying heavy objects or doing work with friction. You can wear it when gardening, doing housework…
- Hand and foot care: Hands and feet are places that are often under a lot of pressure in daily life. So we should take care of them regularly to prevent the formation of calluses.
Soak your hands or feet in warm water, then pat dry and apply moisturizer. This helps soften the skin of the hands and feet, preventing the skin from becoming hard.
What Happens if Calluses Go Untreated?
If calluses are not treated properly and promptly, you will probably notice some of the following signs:
- Swelling at the site of the callus and you may have a mild or high fever depending on how large or small the callus is.
- Discomfort or pain when walking or standing
- Split the skin a lot. This is when old layers of dry skin are shed quickly, leading to pain and numbness.
- Discoloration or pus or fluid draining around. At this point, your callus has become serious. The nucleus of the bottle contains serum and causes pain to the patient, sometimes to the point of being unbearable.
If you feel unusual or are accompanied by any other symptoms like those listed above, please see your doctor as soon as possible.
What’s the Worst that Could Happen?
Don’t underestimate those tiny calluses. If not handled, they will bring unpredictable consequences.
Calluses are the result of an infection that causes the bottle to have a nucleus in the middle (this can be a foreign object such as wood chips, sand, etc., but it can also be an inflammatory agent).
Chronic calluses can break the skin and cause the area to become infected. If the callus starts to ooze pus, change color, or bleed heavily, you should see your doctor.
Diabetics often get bacterial infections when calloused feet. It can lose control extremely quickly and lead to amputation.
The infection can spread to the bones or blood, and once your blood becomes infected, it can lead to sepsis or blood poisoning. If that is not treated, it can be fatal.
If you have a medical condition that affects your circulation and the calluses on your feet grow out more. This is a warning sign.
Figuring out the underlying cause of calluses is important to avoid the foot problems that sometimes accompany diabetes and heart health concerns.
***See More: What Are Socks For? Why Are Socks Important?
Treatment of Calluses
You can treat calluses at home by:
- Soak your feet in warm water for 5-10 minutes or until the skin is soft.
Dip a pumice stone in warm water and gently file the callus. This also helps to remove dead skin cells from calluses. Be careful to file gently so as not to remove too much skin to prevent bleeding or infection.
Apply a moisturizer that slowly softens and regenerates calluses. Use pads to protect your feet from irritation from everyday activities. However, if home remedies do not work then you should see your doctor for appropriate treatment.
- Use the pulp or juice of the papaya fruit to apply on the rough skin, calluses for about 15 minutes. Meanwhile, massage the area and then rinse with warm water. This will make the skin much softer.
- Soak your hands and feet in warm salt water every day for 30 minutes. The saltwater will soften the calluses. Do it regularly after 1 week, you will immediately see the effect.
- Apply lemon on hands or feet for about 10 to 15 minutes and then rinse with water. Perform regularly in 1-2 weeks, the callus will be replaced by smooth skin.
One of the ways to help treat calluses is surgery. We only operate on calluses that are too big and cause a lot of pain. This method is usually painless and you can walk right away.
***See More: How to Get Athletes Foot? Cause and Treatment!
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
You will be able to control this disease if you apply the following measures at home. Live healthier and love yourself more.
- Wear appropriate, properly sized shoes and socks.
- Moisturizing hands, feet, and whole body.
- Prevent calluses from developing by using footpads.
- Soak your hands or feet in water to soften the calluses and then make them easier to remove.
- Use a bath stone to gently rub the callus, but be careful because vigorous rubbing can cause an infection.
Most calluses can reduce and disappear slowly if friction is stopped. When it comes to calluses, we can apply home remedies to help get rid of calluses easily.
Calluses can be effectively prevented with daily care and protection measures. Hope this article has given you a better understanding of how to stop calluses.