Both the foot and the ankle are complicated structures that balance and sustain the body’s weight while allowing movement.
Pain in the foot or ankle may be a small, transient annoyance, but persistent or severe discomfort might indicate a more serious problem that requires treatment.
Hence, this article Causes and Treatment of Sore Feet and Ankles will help you guys understand deeply the reason and solution of foot and ankle pain.
- Some of the Most Common Causes of Foot and Ankle Pain
- Other Causes of Foot Pain
- How Can I Treat Foot or Ankle Pain When It Starts?
- When Should I See A Healthcare Professional for Foot or Ankle Pain?
- Who Can Help My Foot or Ankle Pain?
Some of the Most Common Causes of Foot and Ankle Pain
Many forms of degenerative joint diseases can cause this severe inflammation and stiffness. Rheumatoid, psoriatic, post-traumatic, and osteoarthritis are among the more than 100 forms of arthritis. Swelling, soreness, severe pain, and sometimes fever are common symptoms.
A fractured bone can occur in a variety of ways, with symptoms including pain that worsens when the afflicted region is moved or pressed, edema, bruising, and loss of function.
When a bone breaks, it protrudes from the skin, causing a compound fracture. Stress fractures are small fissures in the bone that develop over time as a result of repetitive stress or exercise.
Bursitis is a condition caused by inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs that decrease friction in joints. It is commonly caused by injury or infection. Symptoms include pain, swelling, soreness, and a restricted range of motion.
#4. Plantar Fasciitis
This is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick tissue on the underside of the foot. The arch of the foot is formed by the tissue that links the heel bone to the toes.
Plantar fasciitis can occur from recurrent rips in the foot tissue, age, or other stress in the region, however, the specific reason is typically unknown.
Inflammation of the tendons, which are strong rope-like structures that link muscles to the bone, causes this condition.
Overuse is the most common cause of tendonitis, although it can also be caused by an acute injury. Pain in the afflicted region and a decrease in range of motion are common symptoms.
#6. Sprains and Strains
Sprains are ligaments that have been stretched or ripped, and there are several in the foot and ankle.
Sprains are unpleasant and can range in severity from a little strain (first-degree) to a full tear or rupture (third-degree) (third-degree). Strains are similar to sprains, except they occur in muscles rather than ligaments.
Other Causes of Foot Pain
Damage, pressure, or friction to the foot over a lengthy period of time can cause pain.
Changes in the form of your feet can be caused by ill-fitting shoes, pregnancy, injury, or placing too much strain on certain sections of your foot. These alterations are frequently unpleasant and might impair your capacity to function.
Our footwear selection can have a significant influence on the anatomy of our feet and the difficulties we acquire, such as Our footwear selection can have a significant influence on the anatomy of our feet and the difficulties we acquire, such as:
Calluses are areas of rough, hard, slightly elevated skin that form on the soles of your feet, especially where they are rubbed the most. These areas of your foot may be more sensitive and painful than other parts of your foot.
They may be managed by gently filing the region with a pumice or a special foot file once a week. They have the potential to transform into maize if left alone.
***See More: How to Stop Calluses? Cause, Symptoms and Treatment…
Corns are elevated patches of hard, knobbly skin that form when calluses are not removed. They frequently result in a burning feeling.
A corn is a long-term alteration to your foot that requires attention and treatment to prevent it from becoming too uncomfortable. Corns can be kept under control by gently filing or pumicing them once a week. A blade should never be used to cut the skin.
Unless you relieve the pressure on the region, corns and calluses will generally come back in four to six weeks. Wearing softer, roomier shoes and covering the corn or callus with a cushioned pad will assist.
A neuroma is a benign tumor that produces shooting, stabbing, or burning pain. It usually affects the third and fourth toes, as well as the ball of the foot.
Your toes may become numb or tingling as if there is a tiny stone under your foot. It’s caused by a damaged or inflamed nerve, and it usually becomes worse with time. Morton’s neuroma is another name for it, and it can be aggravated by:
– Shoes that are too tight, too pointed, or too high-heeled.
– shoes or sneakers that exert too much pressure on your toes and ball of your foot
A cushioned pad can be used to relieve pressure on the neuroma. Wearing broad, comfy shoes with a low heel and a soft sole, as well as wearing soft insoles, will assist. If the condition persists, your doctor or a podiatrist might suggest additional therapies.
***See More: How to Get Athletes Foot? Cause and Treatment!
A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the side of the big toe’s joint at the bottom. It has the ability to alter the form of the joint, making it larger and sticking out more.
The condition is known as hallux valgus. It can change the angle of your big toe, causing it to bend towards your other toes in extreme cases. Hallux rigidus is a condition in which your big toe lacks flexibility and becomes stiff.
Shoes that are soft and wide-fitting relieve strain on the joint. In addition, bunion pads and insoles can help alleviate discomfort around the joint; consult a pharmacist for more information. If the condition persists, speak with your doctor.
#5. Clawed, mallet, retracted, and hammertoes
Toes that are clawed, mallet, retracting, or hammertoes curl or raise out of line. The afflicted joints in the toe are the primary distinction between the two conditions.
They are, nevertheless, frequently handled in the same manner. Bunions, flat feet, high arches, tendon issues, and poorly fitted shoes that crush your feet are all associated with these disorders. They can also be caused by arthritis and nerve issues in the foot.
Over time, hard skin can form over the elevated toe joints, making them unpleasant and prone to ulcers, calluses, and corns.
Wearing soft, cushioned, wide-fitting shoes, inserting insoles, and putting padding to the sore area might help you handle these issues. Pain relievers such as paracetamol, ibuprofen, and pain gels or lotions can also assist.
Rubber, leather, or silicone splints may be recommended by your doctor or podiatrist to alleviate your discomfort. However, surgery is the only way to completely repair these toe abnormalities.
Blisters and open sores are more prone to develop when the anatomy of the foot changes. It is critical to keep wounds clean and covered with a sterile dressing or padding to prevent infection and aid healing.
These sores, often known as ulcers, can be particularly troublesome for those who suffer from diseases such as:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Raynaud’s phenomenon
Some sores may not heal without medical attention, and in severe situations, they may result in osteomyelitis, a bone infection. Any wounds should be reported to your rheumatology team.
How Can I Treat Foot or Ankle Pain When It Starts?
Most foot and ankle pain may be managed at home without the need to consult a doctor.
With the aid of some basic self-care methods, soft-tissue injuries should start to recover within the first few days. For several months, you may need to be cautious and preserve the damaged region until it has totally recovered.
#1. Self-care tips
Your pain and discomfort should be relieved with paracetamol and pain-relieving gel.
There are four methods to managing pain, known as RICE treatment, that can aid in recovery, especially in the first two to three days:
- Rest: Avoid placing weight on the damaged foot or ankle by resting. Instead of exercising, try gently moving the region from time to time to keep it from becoming stiff.
- Apply an ice pack or frozen vegetables to the sore region for 20 minutes every 2-3 hours, wrapped in a wet towel.
- Compression: Wrap a bandage around the sore region to compress it. It should be snug enough to hold it in place, but not so tight that blood flow is restricted. Place a tiny piece of cotton wool between your injured toe and the next toe, then tape them together.
- Elevate: To minimize swelling, elevate your foot.
You can assist decrease swelling and improve blood flow by gently rubbing the sore region from time to time. In the first few days, avoid hot baths, heat packs, ibuprofen, and alcohol since these can slow recovery.
Exercise can assist with foot and ankle pain and stiffness. On our exercises for the toes, foot, and ankles page, you may find examples of exercises that may be beneficial to you. If your feet or ankles feel stiff in the morning, it may be easier to exercise once they have warmed up.
Stiffness can be relieved by taking a warm bath or shower. It’s natural to have little aches and pains as you move your foot or ankle. Stop and see a healthcare expert if moving makes it worse or causes bursts of more acute pain.
***See More: Why is My Big Toe Turning Inward? How to Cure Them?
When Should I See A Healthcare Professional for Foot or Ankle Pain?
Foot discomfort might become more than a temporary issue in some cases. It may be necessary to seek medical help if you are unable to relieve the pain yourself or if you have a condition that affects the joints or soft tissue.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should consult your doctor or a footcare specialist:
- If your discomfort does not improve within the first few days, or if it worsens, or if it continues to cause issues after two weeks of self-care, consult a doctor.
- You’re suffering from unhealing sores.
- Your skin tone has altered, especially if it’s dark blue or black.
- Your foot has taken on a new form or has become very swollen.
- You have a fever or feel hot and shaky, and your skin is red, heated, or swollen – If the issue persists or lasts longer than three months, you may have an infection.
- You suffer from an inflammatory disease like rheumatoid arthritis or scleroderma.
- You are diabetic.
- You’re on steroids, biologics, or other immune-suppressing medications.
For a diagnosis and treatment, your doctor may send you to a foot care professional, such as a podiatrist, physiotherapist, or orthotist.
Who Can Help My Foot or Ankle Pain?
There are educated medical experts that specialize in diagnosing and treating foot and lower limb issues.
#1. A podiatrist
Podiatrists, often known as chiropodists, are trained foot specialists. They may provide you with the following services:
- Padding, dressings, specialty insoles, splints, and supports are all discussed.
- Footwear and workout suggestions
- Procedures that do not need surgery
- Medication suggestions
Who can be referred to an NHS podiatrist varies by region. Some doctors exclusively recommend individuals with rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or peripheral arterial disease. Other authorities may have more expansive definitions.
#2. A physiotherapist
Physiotherapists are qualified to help you get your foot and ankle functioning again by using movement, exercise, manual treatment, and guidance. They will demonstrate activities that you may do at home to aid in your recuperation.
You can self-refer to an NHS physiotherapist in several locations. Otherwise, your doctor will contact you to schedule an appointment.
You can see a physiotherapist on your own time, but you will have to pay for the therapy. The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy can help you identify a certified private physiotherapist.
#3. An orthotist
Orthotists are specifically educated to diagnose and treat foot and ankle issues with custom-made braces, splints, calipers, insoles, and footwear. Typically, an orthotist must be suggested to you.
The Health and Care Professions Council requires all orthotists, physiotherapists, and podiatrists to be registered (HCPC). To check a practitioner’s qualifications, go to this website.
These are any information about treatments and causes anywhen you guys have foot or ankle pain. Hope this article can help you know clearly about the Causes and Treatment of Sore Feet and Ankles.